Trading on margin is dangerous. It’s truly a nightmare scenario: Hundreds of millions of dollars in trading losses happening too fast. Even affected traders in the know could do nothing to stop them. Entire live trading accounts wiped out. Even some professionally managed funds forced to close amidst the carnage. Sounds like it couldn’t—or shouldn’t—happen, right? But it just did.
What was the Frankenshock
Why did so many retail traders lose everything
Understand the real reasons so many amateur traders fail
Last Thursday (January 15), following the unexpected decision by the Swiss National Bank (SNB) to remove the cap on the Swiss franc (CHF) against the euro (EUR), EUR/CHF fell by almost 30% in a matter of minutes. This ended up costing big global banks tens or even hundreds of millions of dollars. It also obliterated the accounts of unsuspecting retail traders, many of whom were trading on margin.
Now, the bigger-picture economic and market impact of this stunning event is far reaching and still yet to be seen. At the very least, this is something of a black eye for the Forex industry. Using leverage, or trading on margin, is a way for technical analysis traders to increase their purchasing power and trade larger sums. This is achieved whilst using only small amounts of their own capital. The rest, they borrow from the broker, but often unbeknownst to them, trading on margin quickly and exponentially amplifies the risk. Perhaps above all else, this latest reminder that trading on margin can indeed wreck your trading career. This is especially the case if “gambling” borrowed money on an unsound or unproven trading strategy. Here are some telling and rather frightening facts to consider:
Now look at these stats made public by leading Forex brokers. Let’s seriously reconsider whether most retail Forex traders are in any way fit for trading on margin. Nearly 70% of broker-held forex accounts are unprofitable. New accounts stay open, on average, for only about four months before the client, or the broker, shuts them down.
See also: The Real Reason Your Broker Offers Forex Education
More than just reinforcing the dangers of trading on margin, however, this controversial event also reiterates the importance of using a proper, proven Forex strategy. After all, unless trading strictly for leisure and not for financial gain, you have to have a quantifiable edge in the markets. Otherwise, it’s just gambling, and such activities should never have been considered investing in the first place!
In an era when small retail traders like us go up against big banks, computers, and seasoned professionals with every new trade idea, a documented edge has never been more crucial. And here’s the good news: There are tactics available to retail traders that big banks and institutional traders can’t touch. These are simple, yet powerful tools that help level the playing field. This helps bring about the kind of trading success and staying power that even part-time traders covet. Here’s what they are:
The big boys and computers are trading the same market as us, but they aren’t playing the same game! Their aim is to turn fast profits, and they employ leverage and risk management tools to do it. You can—and should—be different, taking only qualifying trade set-ups and being mindful of trading rules in the process. Each trade, therefore, is a means to a long-term goal. It is not a short-sighted attempt to make a killing right now. If you invest for the long run, there’s no real need for trading on margin.
The longtime pillars of successful investing still apply to this day. This also applies even when new products, techniques, and so-called “tools” like trading on margin are available to new traders. Make sure your strategy protects your capital and has a reasonable expectation for returns. Test it mercilessly, don’t trade even a unit of your own hard-earned capital, and don’t even consider trading on margin until you have real, quantifiable proof of your unique edge in the market. An example would be scalping trading. Try it in a demo account first. That’s the difference between investing and simply speculating, and it’s the very reason why so many traders ultimately fail!
“Forex trading involves significant risk of loss.” Seven little words you see and hear everywhere, and then when—not if—it happens, well, they told you so. But for the traders hardest hit by the recent meltdown in the CHF, it wasn’t really the mere nature of the markets that cost them so dearly; it was that they were leveraged to the hilt while trading on margin.
Some may never get a chance to recover from this or even place another Forex trade. This is really serious business, but the message is quite simple: Trading on margin is not for everyone, nor is it even necessary to become a successful amateur Forex trader. So take a good, honest look at what you’re doing with respect to your strategy, risk, and leverage, and given this recent and very difficult lesson, you may well decide never to trade on margin again.
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