By Rob Colville on January 6, 2017 in
Rather quiet trading conditions have prevailed in the first few sessions of 2017, and even though valid new opportunities have been scarce, Lazy Traders have had important responsibilities nonetheless, as key trade management decisions were made regarding open positions in CADCHF and SGDJPY.
How our traders ultimately arrived at their respective decisions, however, varied quite a bit according to each individual trader’s own risk tolerance and trade management philosophy. In essence, there are passive and more aggressive ways to tackle trade management, and no method is any more “correct” than the other.
Each one of you is free to choose what makes you most comfortable, and to help you decide, here’s a little “quiz,” if you will, to determine whether you are (or should be) passive or aggressive about trade management, and how you’d be advised to manage your trades in either scenario.
Bear in mind that trade management entails quite a bit more than just how you choose to trail (or not trail) your stop loss as your position unfolds. Your individual approach to trade management may also affect when and how you scale in or out of trades, where you place your initial and longer-term price targets, and what, if anything, will cause you to abandon or invalidate a trade in progress.
Perhaps ironically, though, those who are aggressive with regard to trade management are actually more conservative traders. Their more aggressive and hands-on actions are intended to preserve and protect hard-earned profits, while passive trade management will typically be for more risk-minded traders who want to allow trades as much time and space as possible to create the biggest profit, or result in an another accepted outcome like breaking even, or in some cases, stopping out.
To determine whether aggressive or passive trade management is more your speed, read the statements below and see which category best describes your unique trading personality:
Statements in Favour of Aggressive Trade Management:
Statements in Favour of Passive Trade Management:
I suspect that you probably didn’t need any “quiz” to tell you in which camp you happen to fall when it comes to trade management, but perhaps reading through the above statements just provides a little validation. Now, using real market action as our example, we can take a look at different ways for managing trades depending on whether you’re in the aggressive or passive camp.
Not that it’s especially important, because these rules would be the same regardless of the asset or currency pair being traded, but the below examples happen to be in CADCHF (on the weekly chart, in fact), which reversed lower recently from overhead resistance in the form of an established range boundary. As you can see on the chart segment below, a bearish pin bar reversal triggered us into the trade, and after a swift and sizeable move in our favour, the pair printed a bullish pin bar reversal around the holidays.
As this is not ideal for bearish trend continuation, trade management has been on our minds of late, but the decision of when and how to move our stop in order to protect our early profits is a subjective one that depends on how aggressive (or passive) you want to be.
First, the image at right depicts the more aggressive trade management method, which is better suited for more risk-averse or conservative traders. This method would call for a trailing stop being placed at the high of every second seller bar, which, in this case, is at the high of that tiny bullish pin bar reversal that printed during extremely thin trading conditions the previous week.
(Note that the strategy would be the same, only in reverse, if this were a long trade, as the trailing stop would be placed at the low of every second buyer bar.)
Aggressively trailing the stop in this manner will better protect the trader from giving back hard-earned profits in the event that the “pullback” continues. But the tradeoff, of course, is that you could wind up being stopped out of the trade and need to find a new entry opportunity in the event that the downward trend were to continue following a sizeable pullback.
See related: How to Let Profits Run
As shown at right, the passive trade management approach, on the other hand, would ensure that the trader could not lose money on a trade that worked so well in their favour early on, but would also leave more room for a correction to materialise.
Notice how the stop is still being trailed, although more passively this time, as it’s moved from the initial placement at the high of the initial trigger bar, down to breakeven. This is done to effectively eliminate downside risk on the original trade idea without sacrificing profit potential in the process. As you can see, a larger pullback would now be possible, but the trader would remain in the trade and suitably positioned to capitalise on a new push back in the direction of the prevailing trend.
Again, neither of these trade management methods are “better” than the other. Instead, it’s simply a choice that’s left to each individual trader to make depending on their own unique risk profile and trading objectives.
So which trade management method would you have chosen, and why? Leave your answer in the comments section below, and we will continue this discussion moving forward.
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